4 Types Of Sexual Disorders

May 6, 2022
Sexual Disorders


Sexual disorders can affect any point of the sexual response cycle which are desire, excitement or orgasm/climax. The symptoms of sexual disorders cause can interfere with and disrupt individuals from having a good experience before, during, or after sex. 

There are four categories in which sexual disorders are placed, all of which can impact both men and women. There can be an overlap between these and one disorder can cause another to arise. For example, a person who has issues with getting aroused may end up losing desire after some time. 

Desire Disorders

The disorders that fall under the category of desire disorders affect the sexual desire and/or interest of an individual. Commonly, it is referred to as disorders that affect the libido. There are various causes of desire disorders such as hormonal changes (decrease in estrogen or testosterone levels), chronic medical conditions such as diabetes or heart disease, interpersonal problems within a relationship, mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety, history of sexual abuse, fears, and phobias, etc.  Sexual disorders that fall under this category would include Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder. Individuals who suffer from this find it difficult to take initiative for sexual activities or to get “turned on” when their partner initiates it.

Arousal Disorders

The disorders that fall under the category of arousal disorders result in an individual's inability to become physically aroused before and/or during sexual activity. The main symptom of any arousal disorder is that while the desire or libido may be present, there is no physical arousal. One of the most common arousal disorders in men is erectile dysfunction. Here, the man struggles to get or maintain an erection for a duration that he or his partner may wish.

Orgasm disorders

The disorders that fall under the category of orgasm disorders result in an individual not being able to achieve orgasm (anorgasmia) or experiencing a delayed or early orgasm. Sexual disorders that fall under this category would include Anorgasmia in women and Ejaculation disorders such as delayed ejaculation and premature ejaculation.

Pain disorders

The disorders that fall under the category of pain disorders result in pain or physical discomfort during sexual intercourse. In women, this can be due to conditions such as vaginismus, excessive vaginal dryness or lack of lubrication, medical conditions such as UTI, hormonal imbalances during PCOS, or menopause. In men, this can be due to conditions such as Peyronie’s disease, UTIs, prostatitis, STDs such as herpes, or having a sensitive glans penis, etc.

Sexual disorders can have emotional and psychological impacts, aside from physical ones. Individuals/Couples are affected by the symptoms, possible lack of intimacy, insecurities, and fear of treatment. It is advised that a sexual disorder should never be self-treated, especially not through self-medicating. There are various causes - both physical and/or psychological - that can result in sexual dysfunction. A professional (an andrologist/psychologist/psychiatrist) will be able to identify the accurate cause during a consultation, and then determine a treatment plan that works for you.


Sexual health is as important as physical and mental health. In most cases, one consultation can go a long way. Personlised, discreet and judgement free treatment at your fingertips - book an online consultation with one of Allo’s leading experts.

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Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction is defined as the inability to sustain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. The condition can affect anyone at any age.

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Causes

Remember - the blood flow (BF), the nerve supply, and the balance of sex hormones - a concern in any of these can lead to Erectile Dysfunction. Erectile Dysfunction can be caused by a physical (a ‘hardware’ problem) or psychological (mental health effects) - mental health can play a huge part.

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Did you know that Erectile Dysfunction can be an indication of cardiovascular concerns? Chronic health conditions affecting blood flow can lead to Erectile Dysfunction.

Premature Ejaculation
Premature Ejaculation

If a man lasts less than 2 minutes after penetration (all or most of the time), and/or if it leads to frequent dissatisfaction for him or his partner, he may have Premature Ejaculation.

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Causes

The causes of Premature Ejaculation include:
(1) Physical Factors: Medical conditions, chronic health conditions, or sexual disorders are some physical causes of Premature Ejaculation.
(2) Psychological Factors: Depression, Anxiety 

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Fact Check

Did you know that Erectile Dysfunction can be a cause of Premature Ejaculation?

Premature Ejaculation can lead to other sexual dysfunctions, but that is not a wide-known fact.

Vaginismus
Vaginismus

Vaginismus is a condition in which the muscles in the vagina tighten up during penetration.

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Causes

Vaginismus is commonly caused by psychological factors. Women don't have control over the tightening, and it can be uncomfortable. Due to the physical discomfort, the anxiety or fear response gets worse, and this can lead to a cycle of avoidance.

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Did you know that there are four types of Vaginismus?

(1) Primary Vaginismus

(2) Secondary Vaginismus

(3) Situational Vaginismus

(4) Global Vaginismus

Low Sexual Desire
Low Sexual Desire

Low sexual desire, commonly referred to as low libido, is a decrease in sex drive.

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Causes

Individuals that experience low sexual desire due to various causes are impacted physically, mentally, and emotionally by the symptoms the condition can cause.

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Fact Check

Like other most common sexual disorders, low sexual desire can be influenced by many aspects, such as hormonal imbalance, increased age, side effects of medications, chronic illnesses, and addictive or compulsive behavior.

Couple Sex Problems
Couple Sex Problems

This would include concerns with infertility and/or conception. Sexual disorders such as Erectile Dysfunction, Premature Ejaculation, and Vaginismus can lead to challenges with pregnancy attempts.

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Causes

There could be various causes of infertility, such as sexual dysfunctions, chronic illnesses, and mental health conditions leading to low sexual desire and a low sperm count. A sexual health professional should evaluate the causes of failed pregnancy attempts because there can be a variety of causes.

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Porn Addiction
Porn Addiction

Porn addiction refers to a person becoming excessively dependent on pornography leading to a disruption in their everyday life. This could include their job, relationships and at times, their day-to-day lifestyle.

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Causes

The causes behind porn addiction could be:

(1) Negative sexual experiences

(2) Incorrect understanding of porn and its uses

(3) Initially trying to learn about sexual experiences, resulted in dependency

(4) Experiencing mental health disorders such as OCD (an anxiety disorder) or depression

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Watching porn isn’t a bad thing, nor should it be associated with any shame. However, compulsive porn watching can have negative effects on your sexual, physical and mental health.

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