Treatment for Erectile Dysfunction

There are various evidence-based and accepted treatments for Erectile Dysfunction. The treatment however is determined on a case-by-case basis. This is because ED has different types of causes, as mentioned above, and while some may require medical support for physical causes, sexual therapy is beneficial for psychological causes. In most cases, however, holistic treatment is considered.

Text: Erectile Dysfunction Treatment - psychological counselling - medicative intervention tablets, hormonal treatment

Here are some of the common treatments prescribed to men with ED.

The two main forms of treatments for ED available are psychological counselling and medicative intervention such as tablets, hormonal treatments, or medical devices. Here are some of the common treatments prescribed to men with ED.

Lifestyle Modifications

Alterations in lifestyle significantly improve health — both mental and physical. They can help in regaining the ability to sustain an erection. Through smoking cessation, exercising, and a healthier diet, men can slowly see improvements in their abilities to perform sexually.

Medical Treatment

Oral tablets

Multiple oral medications are used and are widely available in India for the treatment of ED. These medications are often taken once — several hours before sexual activity — to help a man sustain an erection. These should only be taken after a medical consultation.

As with all medicines, those used to treat ED may cause certain side effects. If you experience any unpleasant side effects from a particular medication, you can speak to your doctor for an alternative.

Vacuum Erection Device (VEDs)

The use of vacuum erection assisting devices or “cock-rings” is a non-invasive method of helping a man sustain an erection.

Hormone Therapy

Men who are deficient in testosterone can benefit from hormone treatment to correct the imbalance.


Although the thought of injecting medications into your penis is not pleasant, there are self-injecting therapies available for those who wish to have that option.


If none of the conventional methods above work, men can opt for surgery to restore penile function. Surgery involves the insertion of an inflatable penile implant.

Psychological therapy

Many patients experiencing ED have psychological causes behind their ED symptoms - such as anxiety disorders (OCD) depression, stress, sexual pain disorders, etc. Psychological therapy first determines the psychological cause before treating the mental health condition appropriately.

Text: Not all ED cases have a medical cause - in other words, it isn’t always a “hardware” issue.

Anxiety disorders

Symptoms such as high heart rate, fatigue, disrupted breathing patterns, and fear which are indicative of anxiety can directly affect sexual performance.

Performance anxiety is another subtext of this condition, where men feel insecure about their ability to please their partner, or are insecure about their body image. 1 in 5 people with anxiety disorders experience erectile dysfunction. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a form of anxiety disorder, can also result in sexual dysfunction.

Text: 1 in 5 people with anxiety disorders experience erectile dysfunction.

The treatment for OCD includes:
- Therapy: CBT, Aversion therapy, exposure and response therapy, psychotherapy, and systematic desensitisation.
- Medications: SSRIs, Anxiolytics, and Antidepressants 


Symptoms of depression can affect sexual desire and function. The treatment for depression includes
- Therapy: CBT, BT, and psychotherapy 
- Medications: SSRIs, Anxiolytics, and Antidepressants 


Stress can interrupt or disrupt how the brain sends important signals to the penis to allow for additional blood flow which results in an erection. Furthermore, relationship issues, a history of sexual abuse, and/or sexual inexperience can cause psychological distress that can lead to sexual dysfunction in males. Psychological conditions are very common and can be effectively treated with the guidance of a psychologist.

Sex therapy 

Individual or couple sex therapy allows for patients to undergo counseling for their ED.

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Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction is defined as the inability to sustain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. The condition can affect anyone at any age.


Remember - the blood flow (BF), the nerve supply, and the balance of sex hormones - a concern in any of these can lead to Erectile Dysfunction. Erectile Dysfunction can be caused by a physical (a ‘hardware’ problem) or psychological (mental health effects) - mental health can play a huge part.

Fact Check

Did you know that Erectile Dysfunction can be an indication of cardiovascular concerns? Chronic health conditions affecting blood flow can lead to Erectile Dysfunction.

Premature Ejaculation
Premature Ejaculation

If a man lasts less than 2 minutes after penetration (all or most of the time), and/or if it leads to frequent dissatisfaction for him or his partner, he may have Premature Ejaculation.


The causes of Premature Ejaculation include:
(1) Physical Factors: Medical conditions, chronic health conditions, or sexual disorders are some physical causes of Premature Ejaculation.
(2) Psychological Factors: Depression, Anxiety 

Fact Check

Did you know that Erectile Dysfunction can be a cause of Premature Ejaculation?

Premature Ejaculation can lead to other sexual dysfunctions, but that is not a wide-known fact.


Vaginismus is a condition in which the muscles in the vagina tighten up during penetration.


Vaginismus is commonly caused by psychological factors. Women don't have control over the tightening, and it can be uncomfortable. Due to the physical discomfort, the anxiety or fear response gets worse, and this can lead to a cycle of avoidance.

Fact Check

Did you know that there are four types of Vaginismus?

(1) Primary Vaginismus

(2) Secondary Vaginismus

(3) Situational Vaginismus

(4) Global Vaginismus

Low Sexual Desire
Low Sexual Desire

Low sexual desire, commonly referred to as low libido, is a decrease in sex drive.


Individuals that experience low sexual desire due to various causes are impacted physically, mentally, and emotionally by the symptoms the condition can cause.

Fact Check

Like other most common sexual disorders, low sexual desire can be influenced by many aspects, such as hormonal imbalance, increased age, side effects of medications, chronic illnesses, and addictive or compulsive behavior.

Couple Sex Problems
Couple Sex Problems

This would include concerns with infertility and/or conception. Sexual disorders such as Erectile Dysfunction, Premature Ejaculation, and Vaginismus can lead to challenges with pregnancy attempts.


There could be various causes of infertility, such as sexual dysfunctions, chronic illnesses, and mental health conditions leading to low sexual desire and a low sperm count. A sexual health professional should evaluate the causes of failed pregnancy attempts because there can be a variety of causes.

Fact Check
Porn Addiction
Porn Addiction

Porn addiction refers to a person becoming excessively dependent on pornography leading to a disruption in their everyday life. This could include their job, relationships and at times, their day-to-day lifestyle.


The causes behind porn addiction could be:

(1) Negative sexual experiences

(2) Incorrect understanding of porn and its uses

(3) Initially trying to learn about sexual experiences, resulted in dependency

(4) Experiencing mental health disorders such as OCD (an anxiety disorder) or depression

Fact Check

Watching porn isn’t a bad thing, nor should it be associated with any shame. However, compulsive porn watching can have negative effects on your sexual, physical and mental health.

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